Fruit-type cucumber cultivation techniques

Fruit-type cucumber is a fresh cucumber that has been popularized in recent years. It is compact and short-sized, has no thorns and easy cleansing, is crispy in taste, and has a strong flavor. Its nutrient content is significantly higher than that of ordinary cucumbers. It is popular among hotels, restaurants, and consumers. It is very developed. future. Selection of improved varieties: "Sweet Crispy Green No.6", "Spring No. 2", "Dai Duo Xing" and other varieties should be selected, and 50-70 grams per mu should be used. The requirements for environmental conditions: thermophilic cold-resistant, the most suitable growth temperature during the day is 25-30 °C, 15-18 °C at night; thermophilic fear of paralysis, requiring higher air humidity and soil moisture, avoiding wet and cold combined Environment; suitable for soil depth, loose and fertile soil conditions, the amount of fertilizer required, combined with appropriate application of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, trace elements; need strong light conditions, suitable for planting in protected areas. Cultivation season: autumn and winter wolfberry: 8-9 month nursery, 9-10 month planting, October-February harvested in February; Spring wolfberry: 1-2 months nursery, 2-3 years of planting, 3-7 month harvest. Cultivate strong seedlings: soak in seeds with 55°C warm soup, use peat as substrate, and nurse seedlings with nutrients. After germination, treat at 24-2°C for freezing and low-temperature treatment for 24-48 hours, then adjust the temperature at 25-30°C to maintain Strong light, seedling age 25-35 days, when the clover is at one heart, it reaches the criteria of hypertrophy of cotyledon, dark green leaves, well-developed root system and no pests and diseases. Fertilization and soil preparation: Apply crushed organic fertilizer over 3,000 kg per acre, or 400 kg of active organic fertilizer, plow depth of 25 cm, turning 2-3 times, so that the fertilizer and soil are mixed, and the crushed waste is broken to meet the requirement of looseness and smoothness. Made of Yangshuo 20-30 cm above the ground, covered with plastic film, try to install drip irrigation facilities. Colonization: Planting temperature above 15°C can be planted, with a spacing of 90-100 cm, 1.8-1.9 m, planting in two rows, or single planting. Plant spacing 35-40 cm, 1700-2000 strains per acre. Choose to plant in the sunny, not too deep, with a flat surface and flat surface is appropriate. Field management: (1) Watering: seedlings are regenerated 5-7 days after seedling growth, promote root growth, and then watered with small water, often to keep the soil moist; (2) Top dressing: every 10-15 days after harvesting melon Organic fertilizer, 100 kilograms per acre, foliar application of 3-4 times potassium dihydrogen phosphate; (3) Plant adjustment: from the beginning of the sixth quarter to stay melon, 1-5 melons early sparse, not inserted, with Rope hanging vines to fix the plant, the middle of each section can be left 1-2 melons, branches can stay after a melon and top. When the plant is too high, lower the old leaves and drop the wire rod and sit down. (4) Adjust the temperature: Strengthen the ventilation: daytime 25-30 °C, night 15-18 °C, ground temperature 21 °C, increase the greenhouse light transmittance in winter. Timely harvest: 13-18 cm in length and 2-3 cm in diameter. When the flowers have begun to be harvested, they can be harvested. Use a pair of scissors or a knife to cut the cucurbits and gently handle them. The weight of a single melon is about 80 grams, and each plant can produce 20-30 pieces and the per mu yield is 3000-4000 kg.

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