Grasping banana bud management

From July to August, it is the period of budding period of bananas and autumn plants, which is the period when nutrition and reproductive growth coexist. In order to improve the yield and quality of bananas, attention should be paid to the management of all aspects of banana budding. 1. Add a heavy fertilizer in time. The banana enters the flower bud differentiation stage, which is the key period for determining the number of combing fruits and the number of small fruits. It is necessary to add a heavy fertilizer in time. That is, when the leaves of the banana leaves are extracted, 30-40 kg of compost, 3-5 kg ​​of manure, 0.3 kg of peanut bran, or 0.2-0.3 kg of compound fertilizer are applied to each of the leaves. After the back to thin soil. Before the budding of banana buds, a fertilizer before flowering is applied. Each plant applies 50 grams of urea, 50 grams of potassium fertilizer, or 200 grams of compound fertilizer, or 250 grams of decomposed peanut bran, which is mixed with water. After budding, when budding bananas, 150 grams of compound fertilizer was applied to each plant, which was applied in conjunction with farmhouse manure. In addition, once every 10-15 days, extrapolation of the root can be performed once, and 1000 times liquid rare earth multi-leaf fertilizer or 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate can be used to delay premature leaf failure and promote young fruit development. 2, dial buds. After the buds are pulled out, some leaves will hinder their drooping. They should be set aside to prevent the entire bud from breaking off. During the fruit development, the leaves that hinder the growth of the fruit fingers should also be removed or cut off. 3. Remove unused suckers. Continue to remove unused suckers and concentrate nutrients for banana buds. When the bud emerges, it is necessary to check the banana plant, remove the leaves that block the sagging of the banana ear, prevent the deformed fruit comb or banana leaf from scratching the body, and affect the appearance. About 10 days after budding, when the banana buds reach out to the last female comb, only 5-8 flowers are cut off at the noon of the next comb. From buds to buds, the summer lasted 15 days and the winter was about 22 days. When leaving 7 combs, the female flowers open to 9 combs, cut off the 8-9 fruit fingers, and break the buds two days later, so as not to affect the turning of the finger, especially when the female flowers spend less in the winter and spring. There are also measures such as fruit thinning, spraying, bagging, and leaf protection. After the bud breaks, when the banana juice wound fluid overflows, use 400 times carbendazim or extermination to brush the wound to prevent infection. 4, pay attention to flood control, drought and wind. During the banana pumping, the water requirement is more stringent. It is necessary to moisten the soil and fear that the soil is too wet. In rainy days, care should be taken to avoid sulcus flooding to prevent rot. When drought occurs, it is necessary to maintain a shallow water layer in the gutters to facilitate watering in the morning and evening to meet the water requirements of plants and fruits. In the typhoon-prone season, it is necessary to set up good piles in time, dig trenches to cultivate plants that are exposed and rooted, and enhance wind resistance. 5, prevention and control of pests and diseases. After the budding of bananas, due to the excessive consumption of nutrients in the body, the disease resistance of the plants weakened, and the occurrence of leaf spot disease became more and more serious. If the condition is not well controlled and the number of green leaves is less than eight, it will affect the yield and quality of the fruit. Severely affected banana garden should timely remove the diseased leaves and the dead stems should be burnt in a concentrated manner, and use 1200 times liquid force to remove or 1000 times liquid must shake or fungicides 400 times liquid to disinfect disease and other fungicides alternately spray, each Once every 15 days, for 3-4 times in a row. If it is found to be detrimental to ticks and locusts, kill them with insecticides such as enemy killing and destroying. The pseudo-stem of the banana has a resinous exudation of the tree body. Each plant uses 3-6 g of methyl iso-phos-phos-methyl granules and is placed at the bifurcation of the petiole to poison the weevil.

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