North Sugarcane Transplanting Technology

First, transplanting time is generally transplanted in the middle and late March of the lunar calendar. Transplanting with 3 to 5 leaf ages is preferred. At this time, the root system of sugarcane seedlings is relatively developed, and it turns green after transplanting, resulting in a high survival rate and strong adaptability. If you require higher yields and higher quality, you can wait for the 6-7 leafage of the seedlings and transplant them after branching.
Second, transplant preparation 1 Daejeon preparation: To deep plowing, according to planting line spacing, planting ditch deep width, base fertilizer application and other methods of trenching fertilization. Northern planting cane generally adopts wide and narrow row planting. The wide row of 1.2-1.4 meters is the management line and the narrow line 0.6-0.7 meters is the line of seedlings.
2 Cane seedlings treatment: 5 to 7 days before transplanting, the first time to send a manure fertilizer, to promote the emergence of new roots of cane seedlings. Fertilizers are mainly treated with fresh water and a small amount of chemical fertilizer (urea) (50 grams per barrel of water is 1). Pour water again in the first few hours before lifting. Three days before transplanting, the big seedlings should be cut about half of the leaves to reduce the moisture loss of the seedlings, which is beneficial to survival. Do not pull sugarcane leaves by hand so as not to break the leaves and cause death. It should be transplanted according to the size and strength of cane seedlings, differentiated according to their growth potential, and promote the balanced growth of cane seedlings. Breaking the seedling method: first use a knife to cut off at the upper end of the shoot stem, and keep the stem at the lower end of the shoot stem.
3 Transplanting density and number of transplanting seedlings: Transplanting density and number of seedlings should be determined according to the variety, branching rate and rate of stem formation and seedling age. Large stem species should be sparse planting, small stem species should be close planting; small seedlings should be thin, suitable age should be dense; low branching rate, high stem yield should be thin, and vice versa. For example, there are 1800-2000 strains of "Sugar Cane" (Japanese sugarcane) and 1200-1400 strains of "Sweet Dream 2000".
Third, transplanting is best done on a cloudy or sunny afternoon after 3 pm, not in rainy, cold, and windy days; transplanting should be done while moving while planting and watering, sunny days should be the case; , Cane seedlings will not sluggish, two or three days can be transferred into the growth; size seedlings to be transplanted, seedlings deep planting, seedlings, shallow planting, planted soil covered with water and then covered. Double staggered (dog footprints) planting.
IV. Management after transplantation The soil should be kept moist after transplanting. Do not fertilize the seedlings before returning green, otherwise they will burn roots and cause death of the seedlings. 5 to 7 days after transplanting, the seedlings began to turn green. At this time can be applied against a small amount of water available nitrogen fertilizer (50 grams per barrel that is a two ammonium or ammonium nitrate), to promote new roots and accumulate sugarcane seedlings.

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